Adaptive Strategies for the Refurbishment of Outdated Residential Buildings in Madrid, 2013
The residential stock of Madrid, as in many other European cities, incorporates a high number of residential buildings built between 1940s and 1970s, before the incorporation of urban and construction quality regulations. Buildings built in this period make up almost 50% of the total residential stock of Madrid. Consequently, most of the buildings are identical is appearance and structure. The most relevant characteristics are the low energy efficiency of these buildings’ performance and the discomfort conditions that are generated.
This project proposes a set of strategies that regenerate this type of buildings with the objective of improving their performance and the living conditions. Moreover, the proposal upgrades the attractiveness of the existing buildings in order to propose an alternative to the current model of urban sprawl.
For the achievement of such objectives, the project is structured in two parts: analysis and design proposal. In the first place, refurbishment was found to be a more convenient option than building after demolishing for energy and social reasons. Secondly, the urban, energy and climatic context were analysed in order to propose an environmental adapted design. In third place, a series of precedents were explored to understand previous refurbishing actions. In fourth place, fieldwork was carried out in the site in order to have a deep understanding of the living conditions. Finally, some design strategies were derived from analytic and parametric studies.
The design proposal consists of providing adaptive opportunities to users and occupants so that they can achieve comfort by interfering with the architecture. Such adaptation is achieved in different ways depending on whether it is indoors or outdoors. For the case of the apartments, it is proposed a movable layout and shutter system that modifies the architecture for an accurate adaptation to user needs and external conditions. For the case of outdoors, a wide catalogue of different quality spaces and transitional spaces are generated so that each user can find comfort by migrating within the outdoor spaces.
In collaboration with
Arquitectural Association - SED Programme